FASD stands for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
This is not a diagnostic term, but is an umbrella term that encompasses all disabilities
caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol. There are five diagnoses under the FASD umbrella:
- Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) with confirmed prenatal alcohol exposure
- Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) without confirmed prenatal alcohol exposure
- Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (pFAS)
- Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND)
- Alcohol Related Birth Defects (ARBD)
The most problematic aspects of prenatal alcohol damage are:
- Immature or inappropriate behavior
- Memory deficits
- Impulse control problems
- Poor judgment
The affected person’s ability to control behavior is erratic and inconsistent. One day they can function in a reasonable manner. The next day (or the next moment), they may be out of control, inappropriate, immature, forgetful, impulsive, and make unwise choices.