What is FASD?

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FASD stands for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.

This is not a diagnostic term, but is an umbrella term that encompasses all disabilities
caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol. There are five diagnoses under the FASD umbrella:

  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) with confirmed prenatal alcohol exposure
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) without confirmed prenatal alcohol exposure
  • Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (pFAS)
  • Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND)
  • Alcohol Related Birth Defects (ARBD)

The most problematic aspects of prenatal alcohol damage are:

  • Immature or inappropriate behavior
  • Memory deficits
  • Impulse control problems
  • Poor judgment

The affected person’s ability to control behavior is erratic and inconsistent. One day they can function in a reasonable manner. The next day (or the next moment), they may be out of control, inappropriate, immature, forgetful, impulsive, and make unwise choices.

FASD Infographic

FASD Infographic

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